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Published on 14 April 2023

On-Chip Air Quality Sensors: Expanding the Detection of Pollutants 

  What is µPMSense ? 

  • CEA-Leti’s µPMSense is an innovative particle matter optical sensor that offers an extended pollution source detection. In fact, µPMSense detects particle matter (PM) down to 0.3 µm and identify inorganic, metallic and carbon-based particles – currently not addressed by standard commercial products. 

  • µPMSense leverages the light scattering technique. It collects the full ‘light scattering signature’ of a single particle using a lens-less imaging set-up by  combining a solid-state visible light source with an unconventional CMOS retina, having a vertical air channel drilled into the chip.  


µPMSense may fuel various air quality sensing solutions: 

  • Particle detection and counting
  • Air quality monitoring
  • Pollen and other key pathogens detection 


  • Regular PM sensors leverage a single light source –visible or near infrared– that illuminates an air channel where a particle can deviate a part of light.  A single photodetector, located off-axis, detects the light scattered by the particles within the air stream only. 

  • µPMSense is composed of a holed CMOS image sensor and a miniaturized fan. A fluidic channel help drive the air stream generated by the fan into the detection area. The light beam illuminates particles in the air stream and the image sensor collects the scattered light signature. The diffraction pattern is then processed and translated into relevant information –type and size of particle detected. 

 What's next ? 

This technology is now well functioning, and CEA-Leti's team is working towards the miniaturization of the sensor at chip level. The main objective is to make µPMSense a wearable and low-cost solution without compromising its performance. So far, the team reports:

  • No false positive due to water
  • Low flow rate at comparable resolution
  • High resolution (1 µg/m3), single particulate detection
  • Particulate counting as with bulky system
  • Identification / classification (metallic, carbon based, etc.)
  • Machine learning & classification

CEA-Leti's team continues improving the technology with:

  • New designs of CMOS retina specifically developed for PM detection
  • Design and fabrication of a miniaturized optic setup
  • Integration of a miniaturized fan required to generate the air stream
  • Fluidics' optimization

  •       FLYER



- G.Jobert et Al. Miniature particulate matter counter and analyzer based on lens-free imaging of light scattering signatures with a holed image sensor Sensors and Actuators Reports, 

- M.Fournier et Al. A miniaturized optical sensor for particulate matter detection SPIE OPTO 2020

- G.Jobert et Al. A Miniaturized Optical Sensor for Fire Smoke Detection Transducers & Eurosensors XXXIII transducers.2019.8808611